Stress and Anxiety
Stress is an everyday part of our lives and a normal reaction to a situation where you feel under pressure. It’s part of our primal “fight or flight” response and is intended to keep us safe and alive. There are many examples of stress and certain life events play a major part in how we fare as individuals on a daily basis. The Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale
Anxiety however, is still having those feelings of stress long after an event has passed. This constant feeling of being stressed, even though there exists no imminent threat to our survival classifies anxiety. These feelings sit just under the surface and can manifest themselves as panic. Constant worry bubbles away just under the surface and over time this stress seats itself in as anxiety. These
anxious feelings can be a daily constant, or come on for no apparent reason, such as in panic attacks.
Most people experience some degree of stress. But if you understand the most common types of stress and know how to spot them, you can manage your stress much better. This, in turn, helps you to work productively, build better relationships, and live a healthier life.
Four common types of stress are:
1. Time Stress. You experience time stress when you worry about time, or the lack thereof. You worry about the number of things that you have to do, and you fear that you'll fail to achieve something important. You might feel trapped, unhappy, or even hopeless. Common examples of time stress include worrying about deadlines or rushing to avoid being late for a meeting. Managing time stress is one of the most common types of stress that we experience today.
2. Anticipatory Stress describes stress that you experience concerning the future. Sometimes this stress can be focused on a specific event, however, anticipatory stress can also be vague and undefined, such as an overall sense of dread about the future, or a worry that "something will go wrong."
3. Situational Stress. You experience situational stress when you're in a scary situation that you have no control over. This could be an emergency or more commonly a situation that involves conflict. Conflict is a major source of situational stress. Everyone reacts to situational stress differently, and it's essential that you understand both the physical and emotional symptoms of this stress, so that you can manage them appropriately. For instance, if your natural tendency is to withdraw emotionally, then learn how to think on your feet and communicate better during these situations. If your natural response is to get angry and shout, then learn how to manage your emotions.
4. Encounter Stress revolves around people. You experience encounter stress when you worry about interacting with a certain person or group of people – you may not like them, or you might think that they're unpredictable. Encounter stress can also occur if your role involves a lot of personal interactions with customers or clients, especially if those groups are in distress. For instance, physicians and social workers have high rates of encounter stress, because the people they work with routinely don't feel well, or are deeply upset.
Stress can cause severe health problems and should be taken seriously. You should visit a qualified healthcare professional if you're concerned that your stress levels are affecting your health.
While everyone experiences different physical and emotional symptoms of stress, it's important to understand how you respond to each one. When you can recognize the type of stress you're experiencing, you can take steps to manage it more effectively. Anxiety